Salesians in Africa Eyeing E-learning to Fill Youth Skills Gap in Technical Training

Salesians in Africa looking to employ e-learning in their technical and vocational colleges around the continent.

Members of the Salesians of Don Bosco (SDB) ministering in different countries in Africa joined the rest of the world on Wednesday, July 15 to celebrate the World Youth Skills Day with a major announcement that they were looking to employ e-learning in their technical and vocational colleges around the continent.

In an interview with ACI Africa on Tuesday, July 14 ahead of the celebration, Br. John Njuguna who coordinates the Don Bosco Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) centers in Africa and Madagascar said e-learning had a huge potential in the TVET sector and that it is not just a reserve of primary and secondary schools.

“One of the issues we constantly address in technical and vocational training is the inaccessibility of learning materials. With e-learning, it will be possible for our learners to share resources from their course mates in any part of the world where we operate,” said Br. John.

Where TVET training is expected to be hands-on, with learners gaining skills from their practical experience with their learning materials, the Salesian Brother says that e-learning offers a virtual practical experience for learners as well.


“Today, we have blended learning that combines virtual and augmented reality to deliver both theoretical and practical approaches in teaching in technical-oriented institutions,” said Br. John who is a trained electrician.

The Kenyan-born Salesian missionary who was trained many years ago in India gives an example of a gear transmission system in a vehicle, which he says can be learned virtually in the absence of an actual gearbox.

“Gearbox simulations allow for learning through a 3D printed gearbox,” he says, and explains, “Learners can dismantle parts of a vehicle virtually the same way they do in computer games. If they do this for about three times, they become so good at it so that they don’t need much time to learn the skill when they finally get in contact with an actual gearbox.”

With virtual learning, formation of a concept becomes easy, says the Salesian Brother.

More in Africa

Additionally, the rate of wear and tear is reduced when learners do their practical work virtually with limited contact with actual machines.

In his message on the World Youth Skills Day, Br. John called upon African countries to provide access to skills especially to young people from vulnerable backgrounds.

“Let us open up opportunities for young people from poor backgrounds, the refugees and the homeless, to give them a skill that will restore their dignity,” he said, adding that technical skills unlock the potential of young people.

Technical skills, according to the Salesian Brother, enhance mobility of young people by making them independent and relevant wherever they go.


In Africa and Madagascar, the Salesians of Don Bosco run 103 TVET centers across 35 countries where more than 35,000 young people are imparted with technical and vocational skills.

Br. John who has, since 2001, worked in technical institutions in a number of African countries and in other continents, spending 14 years as head of a TVET institution in Uganda notes that countries in East Africa have made remarkable efforts to promote the TVET sector where the sector has, for long, been regarded as a lesser field.

He highlights the cases of Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania where he says strategies have been put in place to continue imparting basic level technical skills among young people to contribute to the various governments’ development agendas.

In Kenya where the Salesians run five TVET centers, for instance, reports indicate that students who qualify for university enrollment are opting for TVET institutions instead. The Salesian Brother attributes this to political debate that drum up support for middle-level colleges, increase in funding to the institutions as well as the economic context in the Eastern African country where many university graduates are unemployed.

(Story continues below)

“Young people can see for themselves that while graduates struggle to get jobs, those with technical skills are able to put food on their tables without waiting for anyone to employ them,” he says.

In Rwanda, Br. John says he was brought on board by the government in 2015 to work on a strategic plan that will see the country achieve more graduates from technical institutions than those in universities.  The country, he says, aims to have 75 percent of graduates coming from the TVET sector by 2022, while a paltry 25 percent will be university graduates.

In Tanzania, Don Bosco Oysterbay offers training in five technical courses including carpentry, electrical, mechanics, secretarial and welding together with aluminum works.

“Tanzania is especially remarkable because the government works well with the industry and NGOs to support young people in Technical and vocational centers. This support is worth emulating by other African countries,” says Br. John.

Away from Africa, the Salesians are regarded as the single largest provider of vocational and technical training in the world, offering more than 1,000 vocational, technical, professional and agricultural schools around the globe.

This training provides youth the practical skills to prepare for employment and helps them lead productive lives while becoming contributing adults in their respective communities, the Salesians have asserted.

“These programs go beyond educating. They also assist youth with making connections within industries and preparing them for the process of searching, finding and retaining employment,” the leadership of Salesian Missions, the U.S.-based development arm of the Salesians of Don Bosco, has indicated in a report shared with ACI Africa and published Wednesday, July 15 on the occasion of the World Youth Skills Day.

“We know that access to education lays the foundation for a better future for all youth and that work must continue even as we face a global health crisis,” says Father Gus Baek, the Director of Salesian Missions.

He adds in the July 15 report, “In many countries around the globe where poverty is high and access to education is not universal, it is crucial that Salesian missionaries continue to offer technical and vocational training to as many youths as possible to ensure that they have access to long-term stable employment.”

The theme for this year’s World Youth Skills Day is “Skills for a Resilient Youth” and explores the issues faced by educational systems during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the report Salesian Missions shared with ACI Africa. 

“Salesian Missions, the U.S. development arm of the Salesians of Don Bosco, joins humanitarian organizations and the international community in celebrating World Youth Skills Day, which has been celebrated each year on July 15 since 2014,” SDB members say in their communique.

They added, “The United Nations designated the day as a way to bring greater awareness of and discussion on the importance of technical and vocational education and training and the development of other skills relevant to both local and global economies.”

In reference to the theme of this year’s World Youth Skills Day, the leadership of the Salesians of Don Bosco notes that a huge percentage of learners have been adversely affected by COVID-19 restrictions and that those in TVET institutions have not been spared.

The Salesians quote United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), which estimates that nearly 70 percent of the world’s learners are affected by school closures across education levels as a result of COVID-19 and the lockdowns that followed.

“While distance training has become a common way to educate, there are considerable difficulties,” the Salesians say, and add, “UNESCO reports that curricula adaptation, trainee and trainer preparedness, connectivity, or assessment and certification processes are all challenges faced by those providing education remotely.”

Agnes Aineah is a Kenyan journalist with a background in digital and newspaper reporting. She holds a Master of Arts in Digital Journalism from the Aga Khan University, Graduate School of Media and Communications and a Bachelor's Degree in Linguistics, Media and Communications from Kenya's Moi University. Agnes currently serves as a journalist for ACI Africa.