After decades of violent conflict, South Sudan gained independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011.
The hard-won independence celebration was, however, short-lived. Since December 2013 when political infighting between President Salva Kiir and his then-only Vice President Dr. Riek Machar erupted into violence in South Sudan’s capital, Juba, the people of God in the East-Central African nation have been subjected to a myriad of challenges.
The violent conflict between the two government factions spread to other parts of the country, especially to Bentiu and Bor, resulting in the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people “in just the first month of conflict”, Mercy Corps, a global humanitarian aid entity operating in transitional contexts, reported in June 2019.
Some peace agreements have been signed over the years of civil war, the most significant having been the September 2018 Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS).
The peace agreements have been repeatedly violated, with the world’s youngest nation remaining highly unstable amid reported outbreaks of violence now and again, some triggered by inter-community conflicts.
Kerbino Kuel Deng contributed to the writing of this story
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