World War II

"Stumbling blocks" in Rome, Italy. Plates inscribed with the name and dates of life of the victim of Nazi persecution. | Shutterstock

Documents Identify Thousands of Jews hidden by Religious Orders When Nazis Occupied Rome

Sep 8, 2023

Research in the archive of the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome has uncovered a list of the names of thousands of Jewish people who found shelter from Nazi persecution in Catholic religious congregations in Rome from 1943-1944.

St. Peter's Basilica in 1940. Credit: Vatican Media.

When Bombs Fell on the Vatican

Nov 5, 2019

It was a dark autumn night in Rome, which was suffering under the occupation of Nazi Germany and was the target of bombing raids by Allied and Axis forces.