Almost All Christians Have Fled Southern Lebanon amid Israel-Hezbollah Bombing

Olive harvest season in the southern border town of Rmeish, Lebanon, in the midst of a crisis situation. | Credit: Rmeish’s Facebook page

About 90% of those living in southern Lebanon’s Christian villages have fled their homes amid the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah, according to Aid to the Church in Need (ACN), a Christian advocacy organization overseen by the Catholic Church.

Hezbollah, the Iran-backed Shia militant group in Lebanon, began attacking Israel at the Israeli-Lebanese border following the beginning of the conflict between Israel and Hamas in Gaza in October.

Since then, there have been more than 100 Lebanese deaths, with several hundred injuries, according to the nation’s health ministry’s Dec. 19 report

Media outlets have reported much of the fighting consists of sporadic artillery fire and airstrikes and threatens to escalate into all-out warfare.

The Israel Defense Forces said on Monday that five Israeli civilians have been killed by Hezbollah attacks and 80,000 civilians have evacuated their homes. 


Hezbollah, which means “Party of God” in Arabic, has been designated by the United States and several other nations as a terrorist group. 

The group is also a political party in Lebanon and was engaged in a 34-day military conflict with Israel in 2006, which was set off by the kidnapping and killing of two Israeli soldiers by Hezbollah. 

Citing “data” it obtained, ACN said that in one border village in Lebanon, Alma Al-Shaab, 15 homes have been destroyed by missile attacks. 

Many of the displaced Lebanese Christians have been offered safety with other families in the capital city of Beirut, but some of those families chose to return to their destroyed homes because there is a shortage of “long-term shelter” in certain areas of Lebanon, ACN reported. 

Xavier Stephen Bisits, ACN’s head of projects in Lebanon, said that bombing is a daily occurrence and that the streets are “very quiet.”

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Agricultural fields in Lebanon have been “damaged,” which has stopped farmers from tending their fields out of fear, Bisits said, noting that olives and tobacco are “an important source of income for the local communities.”

Bisits pointed out that many of the families impacted by the shelling were already living in poverty because of Lebanon’s financial crisis, which started in 2019. 

The World Bank called the financial collapse “the most devastating, multi-pronged crisis in its modern history.” That collapse was only worsened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the tragic Beirut explosion that devastated the city and killed more than 200 people in 2020. 

Bisits said that “all priests and religious” have stayed in the villages amid the conflict to minister to the people. He added that the Maronite Archeparch of Tyre Charbel Abdallah came to celebrate Mass in the village of Rmeich “under the threat of bombs.” 

The Greek-Melkite Archbishop of Tyre Georges Iskandar had also visited border villages to minister to the faithful, he said.


“He was clearly affected by the haunting emptiness he witnessed in Yaroun, where only a few young men remain, watching over the houses, including a blind man who cannot bear to leave,” Bisits said of Georges. 

Bisits said that “[l]ocal religious leaders” have said that if a war breaks out, it would be a “major threat” to the “historic Christian presence in the area.”

On Oct. 7, Israel entered a war with Hamas, the Palestinian terror group that rules the Gaza Strip, after Hamas launched thousands of rockets into Israel while its militants invaded towns, killing and kidnapping Israeli civilians.

Israel subsequently declared war against Hamas, demanding the release of hostages, of which Hamas still holds captive 132, an Israeli representative told the United Nations on Dec. 15. Hamas originally captured more than 240 hostages consisting of men, women, and children.

Joseph Bukuras is a staff writer at the Catholic News Agency. Joe holds a bachelor’s degree in Political Science from The Catholic University of America. He has interned in the U.S. House of Representatives, on a U.S. Senate campaign, in the Massachusetts State House of Representatives, and at the Susan B. Anthony List. He is based out of the Boston area