The officials add, “Droughts in the Horn of Africa are becoming more frequent and severe, and are one of the main drivers of hunger across the region, forcing families from their homes and land.”
They say that Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, and Zimbabwe are some of the African countries that are experiencing food shortages resulting from prolonged droughts.
According to the officials of the overseas development agency of the Catholic Church in Ireland, the African countries that do not often experience drought issues like the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) experience storms and floods that lead to waterborne diseases such as cholera.
To salvage the Global South region including Africa from the impacts of climate change, Ms. de Barra advocates for introduction of laws aimed at reducing carbon emissions and that the laws should be in line with the Paris agreement.
“We need stronger rules to reign in the big fossil fuel companies. To do that we need our leaders to introduce new laws that will ensure corporations reduce their carbon emissions in line with the targets of the Paris agreement,” she says.
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Adopted December 2015 by 196 parties at the 21st United Nations Climate Conference (COP 21) in Paris, Paris agreement, the legally binding international treaty on climate change that was effected November 2016 aims at limiting global warming to preferably 1.5 degrees celsius as compared to pre-industrial levels.
Trócaire officials also advocate for fostering climate actions with principles of human rights, social justice and gender equality; and also the need for richer countries to agree to a “loss and damage” of finance facility.
The leadership of the Catholic entity is further calling on developed countries to take responsibility “to not only dramatically reduce their own greenhouse gas emissions”, but to also provide financing for countries and communities in the Global South who have done least to cause the climate crisis.
The leadership of Trócaire is also advocating for a scaling up of climate finance specifically to developed countries and says that the funds need to be aimed at what the leadership has referred to as “adaptation finance.”
The leadership of the Catholic agency reflected on the forthcoming EU Directive on corporate sustainability due diligence and says that the directive should embrace strong provisions aligned with the Paris agreement.
“There must be legally binding regulation of corporations and big business so they respect human rights and the environment – the forthcoming EU Directive on corporate sustainability due diligence should include strong provisions for corporations to act in line with the Paris Agreement,” the leadership of Trócaire says in the February 28 report.
The leadership further says, “World leaders must act now to prevent the loss of millions of lives and human suffering due to the devastating consequences of climate change and climate inaction.”